Eli Nathans

- Associate Professor
image of Prof. Eli Nathans
PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 2001
Telephone: 519-661-2111 ext. 84977
Email: enathans@uwo.ca
Office: Lawson Hall 2217
Office Hours: On Sabbatical


Research Interests

Professor Nathans has published a history of German citizenship policies and an examination of the conduct of a leading official of the Nazi administration of justice. In 2017 Palgrave Macmillan published his analysis of the life and work of a prominent West German radio and television journalist, Peter von Zahn's Cold War Broadcasts to West Germany. Assessing America.  The study focuses on postwar West German debates about the weaknesses and strengths, possibilities and deficiencies, of republican forms of state and society and, in particular, of the United States.  Although Peter von Zahn's American broadcasts date to the 1950s, the subjects on which he focused, the questions he posed, and the insights his work contains, remain relevant to the challenges that continue to face the United States and parliamentary regimes around the world.


Teaching Philosophy

Historical study offers the opportunity to move beyond the limits of one's own time and place, to analyze foreign societies and individual lives that may differ greatly from our own. It enables students to examine patterns that are larger than an individual life or even several lives. It explores the ways in which contemporary societies are the product of past experiences and choices, or perhaps break with their pasts. 

My classes explore all these aspects of the past, as well as a range of other more focused questions. In my classes students answer questions such as:  How can one explain the development of parliamentary forms of government in the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?  Why did anti-democratic ideologies like Nazism and Communism prove attractive to some?  What forms of hierarchy have existed in modern societies?  How have these hierarchies influenced life chances and choices?  How have the rights and roles of men and women differed, and how have these rights and roles changed over time? 

I assign a range of original sources, including memoirs, private letters, philosophical and religious works, novels, and government documents. This diversity of sources offers many different perspectives and speaks to many different questions. I seek to develop students' ability to read critically and carefully, and to express themselves clearly and succinctly in discussions and in essays.

I welcome inquiries from students pursuing the M.A. or the Ph.D in modern continental European, and especially modern German, history.  My foreign languages are French and German, and I feel most competent to serve as a supervisor where research in primary and secondary sources would be conducted largely in either or both of those languages.  The principal focus of my own work has been on legal, intellectual, and cultural history.

Major Research Projects

My book on Peter von Zahn has three subjects. The first is the journalist Peter von Zahn, who in the 1950s captivated West German audiences with his pioneering radio broadcasts and television documentaries about the United States. Before 1945 Zahn shared the militant and elitist ethos common among educated German young men, but the experience of the war – he spent the entirety of it in the German army – and the realities of postwar Germany led to a reorientation. Zahn became a cultural pillar of the Federal Republic. I seek to characterize and explain this change in the individual. The second subject is the transformation of West Germany, from a society riven by domestic conflicts and still in many respects authoritarian, to a stable republic integrated into West European and Atlantic alliances. Although Zahn’s American broadcasts explored the United States, often the issues on which they focused were those that divided West Germans. Zahn’s broadcasts were one important voice in West German debates that accompanied and in some measure helped bring about the postwar transformation of West Germany. The third subject is the United States, as seen by Zahn. Zahn wanted to know whether the United States would prove a strong and dependable Cold War ally. With this question as his starting point he conducted a probing and sustained examination of the workings of the federal government and of American society. I examine his arguments and his conclusions.  They remain relevant today.

 

Books & Monographs:

Photo of Book: Peter von Zahn's Cold War Broadcasts to West GermanyPeter von Zahn's Cold War Broadcasts to West Germany. Assessing America (Palgrave Macmillan, Studies in the History of the Media: 2017).

Reviewed in:

American Historical Review 124:4 (2019): 1539-40.
Historische Zeitschrift 308:2 (2019): 568-70.
H-Soz-Kult, 12 March 2019.
Journal of American History 105:3 (2018): 749-750.
Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 67:9 (2019): 783-5.

 

Photo of book: The Politics of Citizenship in Germany: Ethnicity, Utility and Nationalism

The Politics of Citizenship in Germany: Ethnicity, Utility and Nationalism (Berg Publishers, 2004).

Reviewed in:

American Historical Review 113 (2008): 929-30.
Canadian Journal of History 41 (2006): 368-70.
Central European History 38 (2005): 480-2.
The English Historical Review 498 (2007): 1098.
German Society and Politics 22 (2004): 65-9.
German Studies Review 29 (2006): 436-7.
H-German (May 2005).
Historische Zeitschrift 280 (2005): 756-7.
International History Review 28 (2006): 909-11.
Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe 13 (2005): 103-5.
 
The book was also discussed in two review articles:

  • L. Nuzzo, “Cittadinanza: un percorso di lettura” [Citizenship: a Guide to the Literature], in Rg [Rechtsgeschichte, or Legal History] 8 (2006): 129-47. 
  • Annemarie Sammartino, “After Brubaker: Citizenship in Modern Germany, 1848 to Today, ”German History 27 (2009): 583-99.

 

Franz Schlegelberger, Volume 3 of Der Unrechts-Staat, translated by Günter Frankenberg (Nomos Verlag, 1990).

Reviewed in:

  • American Journal of Comparative Law 39 (1991): 459-62.
  • Kritische Justiz 25 (1992): 120-5.
  • Neue Justiz 6 (1991): 265.
  • Staatsanzeiger Hessen 9 (1991): 657.
  • Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (1991): 1012-4.

It was also discussed in two review articles:

  • Hans Wrobel, "Schlegelberger und seine Biographen: Kritische Anmerkungen zu zwei Sichtweisen einer Person," Ius Commune: Zeitschrift für Europäische Rechtsgeschichte 20 (1993): 273-89.
  • T. Harrison, "Political Police and Lawyers in Hitler's Germany," German History 10 (1992): 226-37. 


Articles:

  • “Peter Von Zahn über Rassismus in den USA,” (Peter Von Zahn on Racism in the United States) in Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 1-2 (2009): 20-26. [read article]
  • "Legal Order as Motive and Mask: Franz Schlegelberger and the National Socialist Administration of Justice," Law and History 18 (June 2000): 281-304.

Book Reviews:

Professor Nathans has published book reviews in Central European History, Histoire sociale/Social History,  The University of Toronto Quarterly, The American Historical Review, Rg, Nations and Nationalism, H-German,  European Historical Quarterly, Punishment and Society, The American Journal of Legal History, and Mittelweg 36. 

Awards and Distinctions:

Jacob Javits Fellowship

Rhodes Scholarship